Vineyard Architecture: Chile, Portugal, & Georgia

Vineyard Architecture: Chile, Portugal, & Georgia

Written by Johanna DiNardo

Prominent vineyards from around the world have sought renowned architects to design their facilities. Their goal: to make their visual facade as impactful as the first sip.

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In our latest Vineyard Architecture series, we embark on a trans-continental tour through some of the world’s most ecologically innovative wineries—from Chile to Portugal and Georgia—each providing magnificent proof that the wine industry is on the cutting-edge of eco-conscious production.

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Marcelo Daglio

photo: Cristobal Palma / Estudio Palma, 2014

VIK - Millahue Valley, Chile 

VIK, housed on the sloping valleys of the Andes Mountains, was designed by Uruguayan architect Marcelo Daglio, in conjunction with hoteliers and founders, Alex + Carrie Vik. The natural landscape of this vineyard boasts 12 valleys within, in a wind-tunnel that is cooled by Pacific breezes and allows superior wine harvesting. Vik is a highly sustainable winery, using free cooling, solar energy, and natural insulation. You're met with a gleaming, sci-fi tilted titanium roof as you approach the vast, water-covered plaza studded with rock monoliths that lead to a glass and cement building. Vik's unique space is also an "avant-garde retreat and wine spa". Each suite showcases hand-selected, quirky artwork and décor from Chilean and international artists, and floor-to-ceiling glass windows looking out onto the vineyard. Three vintages—2009, 2010, and 2011—of Viks’ red blend, are served at every meal on the resort.

 

photo: Cristobal Palma / Estudio Palma, 2014

photo: Floto+Warner, 2015

photo: Cristobal Palma / Estudio Palma, 2014

photo: Floto+Warner, 2015

photo: Cristobal Palma / Estudio Palma, 2014

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Roberto Benavente Riquelme

photo: Matt Wilson

CLOS APALTA - Colchagua Valley, Chile

CLOS APALTA was designed by renowned Chilean architect, Roberto Benavente Riquelme. The producer of one of the most iconic red wines -- Clos Apalta Carmenere/Cabernet Sauvignon-based blend -- this facility pairs its wines with an architectural tour-de-force. Clos Apalta is a six-level structure of wood, glass, and steel, with a round wine cellar resembling a birds nest perched on the enclave of a mountain. Dug 25 meters into the granite, a spiral staircase descends to the tasting room, where a massive glass table opens to reveal stairs to the vaults. Clos Apalta is a residence retreat as well - each room has a private terrace of uninterrupted views overlooking the mountain backdrop of vines, an infinity pool, and décor referencing grape varieties that make up the Clos Apalta cuvée.

photo: Luxury-Executive

photo: Luxury-Executive


photo: Baz Dreisinger, FORBES, 2018

photo: Baz Dreisinger, FORBES, 2018

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Promontorio

L' AND VINEYARDS - Montemor-o-Novo, Portugal

L'AND VINEYARDS, a hidden gem in a small town in Portugal, was designed by architecture firm, Promontorio. The white exterior of this 5-star retreat and winery was inspired by the lime-washed walled patios of the Alentejo region. The main building is a hinged prism from which its four corners are cut off to create areas of shading and intimacy. Modern luxuries planted into a rural landscape of olive trees and vineyards, suites are organized into clusters hidden within the hillside. Enclosed, ten "sky suites" feature retractable ceilings, allowing guests to drink in the starry nights. With modern architecture that reinterprets traditional Mediterranean design, five world-renowned architects lent their work to this award-winning project, and brought a distinct personality to each of the resort’s seven clusters. Architects include Promontório Arquitectos of Lisbon (Main Building design), Sergison Bates Architects of London, João Luís Carrilho da Graça Arquitectos of Lisbon, Architekturbüro Peter Märkli of Zurich, and José Paulo dos Santos Arquitecto of Porto.

 

 

all photos: ©FG+SG

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X Architecture

photo: ©X-Architecture

SHILDA WINERY - Kakheti, Georgia

SHILDA WINERY, on the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains, is equipped with state-of-the-art European equipment but aims to preserve ancient Georgian winemaking techniques. Achieving a modern design that blends intrinsically into nature, X Architecture (head team: Dimitri Chaava, Stelios Psaltis, Soso Eliava, and Basil Argyropoulos), designed their facility, which appears from rows of vines into rolling hills, mimicking their rhythm. Three hills protrude and offer three different functions: storage of wine, tasting space for wine, and a knowledge hub for wine. This smart design considers ecological factors while achieving a high level of design and function. True to their roots, Shilda imprints beautiful landscapes by Georgian avant-garde painter, David Kakabadze, on every bottle, further unifying art and wine.

photos: ©X-Architecture

 

photo: ©David Kakabadze

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